Quantum fluctuations successfully imaged This is one of those scalar effects I look for constantly, and is related to thermodynamics and how space and time exchange identities. More confirmation that they are rapidly closing in on being able to measure how space and time exchange identities and, for better or worse, how the context can sometimes determine the identity of its own contents. Recently they also recorded the first temperature below absolute zero, which is actually an infinitely high temperature that does not share our space-time. I believe they are close to being able to statistically measure the "chi" of the universe, or dark energy, as the future normalizing the past, which would require a quantum version of Adrian Bejan's Constructal theory. One way to think of this is that the Big Bang-Big Crunch merely express paradoxical particle-wave duality, which is humanly inconceivable. Instead of an inconceivable paradox, we observe what appears to be a contradiction and half of life should appear to be contradictory, requiring we cultivate personal integrity for those rough days. However, the paradox also means that time can be conceived of as simultaneously going forwards and backwards, and normalizing its tendency towards extreme random and fated behavior. We perceive the arrow of time because we focus our attention, normalizing our perception, and making more sense out of the chaos. While there have been many interpretations of the Many Worlds theory, my own includes the idea that our future selves normalize our past, excluding the worst possible scenarios including things like Terminator robots taking over the world or cavemen inventing the atom bomb. Obviously, that hasn't made earth a Utopia quite yet but, it explains why we haven't managed to destroy the earth yet and all the weirdness with religion and science.