"A spectre is haunting Europe", and it ain't Communism. It's the spectre of nativism--an old ghost with a new labels, AltRight and AltLeft--and it's stalking North America, too. Time to take a closer look at it. What's it all about? How did it get started? What are its causes and effects? Is it good or evil? What, if anything can/should we do about it? Will we survive? Nativism:the policy of protecting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants. the definition of nativism A xenophobic species of populism. Populism: political program or movement that champions the common person, usually by favourable contrast with an elite.populism | History, Facts, & Examples AltRight: a political movement originating on social media and online forums, composed of a segment of conservatives who support extreme right-wing ideologies, including white nationalism and anti-Semitism (often used attributively).the definition of alt-right AltLite: a loosely connected movement of right-wing activists who reject the overtly white supremacist ideology of the alt right, but ... embraces misogyny and xenophobia, and abhors “political correctness” and the left. From Alt Right to Alt Lite: Naming the Hate AltLeft: A term used by the Right for people on the Far Left they don't like, including Antifa and possibly the "socialist" wing of the Democrats. "A spectre is haunting Europe." Those were the dramatic opening words of Marx's Communist Manifesto. Marx had Communism in mind, and thought it would be the inevitable result of the contradictions of capitalism and ensuing growth and misery for the proletariat who would rise up and take over because they had "nothing to lose but their chains". Marx underestimated the force of nationalism and the fact that status insecurity was a more important driver of human action than economic deprivation. Hitler got that right. By playing on the fears and status insecurities of Germans plagued by postwar economic dislocations, Hitler was able to scapegoat the Jews and start a "Make Germany Great Again" movement that brought this obviously twisted Bavarian corporal to power. Mark Twain said "History Doesn't repeat itself, but it rhymes." The spectre haunting Europe today, nativism, is the same xenophobic populism haunting the United States in the 1850s under the name of the Know Nothing movement; that haunted Germany under the Weimar Republic: and that brought Trump to the Oval Office in the United States. What I hope to do on this thread is to examine this phenomenon in the United States, Europe and Canada, and to see if we can understand what makes it tick.