Possible WD and Tolerance cause

Discussion in 'Opiates' started by Slingblade, Feb 3, 2009.

  1. Slingblade

    Slingblade Member

    THE BRAINS of mammals produce a molecule that blocks the action of morphine and other opiate drugs, neurobiologists in Oregon have found. The discovery may be the key to why morphine tolerance develops in patients receiving the drug for pain relief and why heroin addicts suffer withdrawal symptoms.

    The molecule, known as orphanin FQ or OFQ, is one of four substances produced by the brain that are chemically related to morphine, and known as opioids. The other three, collectively known as endorphins, play roles in blocking pain sensations and in mediating pleasure and reward pathways in the brain. When David Grandy and his colleagues began looking at OFQ, they expected it to be another painkiller. "It turned out it was anything but," says Grandy, a molecular neurobiologist at Oregon Health Sciences University in Portland.

    In a paper published in the 25 October issue of Neuroscience (vol 75, p 333), Grandy's team reports that OFQ blocks morphine's painkilling activity. Mice given a shot of morphine usually take several seconds longer than undrugged mice to notice the pain when their tails are dipped into hot water. But after the researchers injected OFQ into the brains of morphine-doped mice, they proved just as quick as untreated mice at pulling out their tails.

    In further experiments, Grandy found that mice given opiates over long periods have higher levels of OFQ in their brains. Increased production of OFQ in the presence of morphine may explain why patients taking the drug for pain relief develop a tolerance to it. If so, it might eventually be possible to find drugs that block the OFQ system and thus prevent patients from developing tolerance.

    In other experiments, Grandy says he has found that mice injected with large doses of OFQ develop what look like drug withdrawal symptoms---shaking, diarrhoea and squinting eyes. He believes high levels of opiates such as morphine and heroin prompt the brain to pump out more OFQ to offset them. If drugs are then removed, he speculates, the sudden excess of OFQ may produce the symptoms of withdrawal.

    Bob Holmes, Santa Cruz
  2. Feelings Of U4ia

    Feelings Of U4ia Senior Member

    Doesn't sound like the cause of tolerance and WD in humans. It's simple...you take too much of something, your body gets used to it. When it's used to it, it needs more to achieve the same effect. After your body gets used to having that drug, and you stop, your body doesn't know how to react without it, causing wd's.

    That is my opinion. I don't need to dive deeper then that.
  3. Slingblade

    Slingblade Member

    I just thought it was cool because of OFQ, never heard about that before. Imagine, if you could find something that blocked OFQ then you wouldnt have any tolerance anymore. That just gives me hope :)
  4. Morphoxycode1

    Morphoxycode1 Member

    Most interesting! So, when mice not on morphine are given OFQ, it actually produces withdrawal symptoms? Maybe this will give some clues on how to clear up withdrawals.
  5. blitz7341

    blitz7341 Banned

    yeah it would be cool if we could isolate the gene that causes production of OFQ. Maybe we would be able to find a way to block it or turn it off. No tolerance or WDs. although i think that might make opiates a little too good lol.
  6. Slingblade

    Slingblade Member

    Opiates are ALREADY too good, thats why God invented OFQ!
  7. does2

    does2 Member

    Hmmm, interesting.

    Can you provide the source(s) of this information?
  8. blitz7341

    blitz7341 Banned

    idk they dont really get me off that much. just personal preference. I guess i'll always be a benzo addict down to my core.
  9. Slingblade

    Slingblade Member

    Sure does. Its an article titled 'Why Cold Turkey is Molecular Murder'

    New Scientist
    November 2, 1996
  10. does2

    does2 Member

    Thanks, man.
    I will be sure to google it and read up. :D
  11. Slingblade

    Slingblade Member

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