The concept of evolution is entirely compatible with islam - the main distinction is that it Islam's belief that God guided the process. Even w/ evolution, there was always a special, distinct line for humans. The Quran says: Blessed is He in Whose hand is the kingdom, and He has power over all things; It is He Who has created death and life that He might try you—which of you is best in deeds; and He is the Mighty, the Most Forgiving, The Same Who has created seven heavens in stages . No incongruity can you see in the creation of the Gracious God. Then look again: Do you see any flaw? Aye, look again, and yet again, your sight will only return to you tired and fatigued. (67:2-5) further, the Quran makes it very clear that all life evolved from water: http://islam.about.com/od/creation/a/creation_2.htm this is exactly what modern science tells us about the origin of life: that it started from water: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/309/5731/89 and then from that water, life evolved from the material of the earth (Clay): "He created man from dry ringing clay like pieces of pottery." (55:15) Interesting use of words there. Dry ringing suggests layers, it suggests a process, Evolution. And, surely, We created man from dry ringing clay made from stagnant blackish mud." (15:27) Quickly, this is one possible hypothesis for the origin of life: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origin_of_life#Clay_theory_of_the_origin_of_life interesting: http://alislam.org/library/books/revelation/part_5_section_4.html The Quran is the only religious book that explicitly supports the theory of evolution. Salaam, and good day.